ABOUT THIS BOOK and Testwarereg; You are preparing to take the Praxisreg; I: Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST). Perhaps you are taking it for the first time. Perhaps you are retaking the exam. Whatever the case, this book, together with our exclusive REA TESTwarereg; software, will help you pass. While working through this book and the CD-ROM, you will acquire a thorough and accurate understanding of what it takes to master the PPST. The comprehensive review material in this book covers all subject areas known to appear on the PPST, providing you with all the information you need to take this challenging certification exam. Test-takers should note that every time the PPST is administered, multiple versions of the exam are created and distributed to each testing center. These versions may contain a mix of different questions with different answers. This test versioning can add a greater level of uncertainty for the test-taker. Are you sure you are studying every topic enough? Are you adequately prepared for every test subject you may encounter on the PPST? You can rest assured. One important purpose of this book is to prepare you for every possible version of the PPST. We at REA believe you cannot prepare enough for this career-building exam. Apart from the book itself, we give you two full-length simulated PPST tests on CD-ROM. We strongly recommend that you begin your preparation with the TESTwarereg; practice exams. The software provides the added benefits of automatic scoring and enforced time conditions. ABOUT OUR PRACTICE EXAMS You will be allotted three hours to take the actual exam. This same amount of time is allotted to take each of our practice tests. REAs tests are carefully based on the current PPST exams, and thus contain every type of question that you can expect to see on test day, whether you take the paper-and-pencil PPST or the computerized PPST. Each practice test question is thoroughly explained in easy-to-follow detail. Sample responses are also provided for the essays to help you better understand and master the test material. ABOUT THE TEST Who Takes the Test and What Is It Used for? The PPST is used by many states as a gateway exam to certification and is part of the Praxis Series: Professional Assessments for Beginning Teachers. The PPST falls under the umbrella of Praxis I: Academic Skills Assessments and is designed to test the reading, writing, and mathematics skills of its candidates. If you do not achieve a passing score on the PPST, dont panic. You can take the test again, so you can work on improving your score in preparation for your next administration. Who Administers the Test? Like all Praxis Series tests, the PPST is administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS) and involves the assistance of educators throughout the country. The test development process is designed and implemented to ensure that the content and difficulty level of the test are appropriate. When Should the PPST Be Taken? The PPST is usually taken immediately before the completion of a teacher certification program at a college or university. This gives candidates enough time to retake the test if they are not pleased with their score. Our practice tests will familiarize you with the format of the exam so that you do not have to go through the anxiety of learning about the PPST during the actual exam. When and Where Is the Test Given? The PPST is administered seven times a year at testing centers throughout the United States. Tests are usually administered on a Saturday; however, the test may be taken on an alternate day if a conflict, such as a religious obligation, exists. When you register for the PPST, your registration bulletin will contain test dates and administration sites. You may obtain a registration bulletin by contacting: ETS - The Praxis Series P.O. Box 6051 Princeton, NJ 08541-6051 PResearch and Education Association Staff is the author of 'Praxis PPST Pre-Professional Skills Test', published 2005 under ISBN 9780738600062 and ISBN 0738600067.