The Islamic world has a poor record in terms of modernization and democracy. However, the source of this situation is not religion--Islam--but rather factors including colonialism, international economic and trading systems, and the role of the military, among others. Recognizing these themes allows the consideration of possible remedies for change in the Muslim world. The distinguished scholars contributing to this volume identify key factors--some intrinsic to the Muslim world, and some external--that contribute to Islam's current predicament. Contrary to much prevailing thought and opinion, Islam is neither monolithic nor impervious to change. It is neither anti-democratic nor inherently anti-modernization. Islam itself, as this book shows, is not the root cause of the malaise of the Islamic world.Hunter, Shireen T. is the author of 'Modernization, Democracy, And Islam', published 2005 under ISBN 9780275985301 and ISBN 027598530X.