In thefourth editionofJuvenile Justice in America,youths are examined for the causes of their behavior, the nature of their offending, and how the official agencies of justice, the police, courts and corrections deal with offenders. Covered are today's major issues and emerging 'hot" topics such as teen courts, drug courts, sex offenders, the death penalty for juveniles, and the issues of whether the juvenile system should be reformed or abolished, whether "hard" or "soft" policies should prevail, and whether the rights of juveniles should be extended. Features NEW--Chapter on Delinquency Causation. Theoretical issues covered in depth include the Rational Choice Theory; Biological, Psychological and Sociological Positivism; and the integrated theories of Gottfredson, Elliott and Thornberry. NEW--Chapter on Gangs. The authors approach the emergence of the urban street gang by intricately weaving the evolution, organization and ethnic disparities of this sociological epidemic. NEW--Chapter: "The Juvenile Offender". Profiles Juvenile offenders such as John Lee Malvo and successfully outlines the social correlation of youth crime in our society. UPDATED--Boxes, Interviews and Case Studies to include the most up-to-date research in the Juvenile Justice field.Bartollas, Clemens is the author of 'Juvenile Justice In America', published 2004 under ISBN 9780131123267 and ISBN 0131123262.