Barbara Robinson Hegner, RN, MSN, was a graduate of a three-year diploma nursing program where direct and total care was the focus. She earned a BSN at Boston College and an MS in nursing from Boston University, with a minor in biologic sciences. She was Professor Emeritus of Nursing and Life Sciences at Long Beach City College, Long Beach (CA). Throughout her professional career, she had a deep interest in both hospital-based and long-term care nursing. Ms. Hegner believed that to ensure the rights and well-being of residents in long-term care requires the care of competent, caring nursing assistants under the supervision of professional nurses. The nursing assistants who provide this care should be thoroughly trained and consistently encouraged, evaluated, and given the opportunity for continued learning. Providing the tools to prepare these health care providers in the most effective and efficient way is the goal of Assisting in Long-Term Care, fourth edition. Other texts by Barbara R. Hegner, also from Delmar Publishers are: Geriatrics, A Study of Maturity, fifth edition, and Nursing Assistant, A Nursing Process Approach, eighth edition. Joan Fritsch Needham, MSEd, RNC, is a contributing author to the fourth edition of Assisting in Long-Term Care. She also graduated from a three-year diploma nursing program. She received her BS from the College of Saint Francis and her MS from Northern Illinois University. She is certified by the American Nurses Association in Gerontological Nursing. Ms. Needham was Director of Education at a long-term care facility where she was responsible for staff development, curriculum development and instruction for basic and advanced nursing assistant training, and development and instruction in continuing education courses for licensed nurses. In addition, she is a consultant on nursing assistant education and nursing continuing education. She contributed to Nursing Assistant, A Nursing Process Approach, sixth, seventh, and eighth editions and is the author of Gerontological Nursing -- A Restorative Approach (Delmar) and Plans of Care for Specialty Practice, Gerontological Nursing (Delmar).Hegner, Barbara F. is the author of 'Assisting in Long Term Care', published 2001 under ISBN 9780766834798 and ISBN 0766834794.